Black Hawk (1767 – 1838) – A leader of the Sauk tribe he led many war parties including a group of Indians during the Black Hawk War (1832). October 3rd marks the anniversary of his death.
Black Hawk did not belong to a clan that provided the Sauk with hereditary civil leaders. He earned his status as a war chief or captain by his actions. He lead successful raiding and war parties as a young man, and a band of Sauk warriors during the Black Hawk War of 1832.
During the War of 1812, Black Hawk had fought on the side of the British army against the U.S., hoping to push white American settlers away from Sauk territory and now white U.S. government is against people trying to make their home on the territory