Not everyone is heterosexual and cisgender. LGBTQIA + people exist. There is not only the two kinds of people, “woman” or “man”. There is a great variety (non-binary, 2 spirits, fluid genre, among others). Genitals and appearance do not define gender identity. A person can identify himself as a man while having a vulva, uterus and breasts, for example.
What is gender identity?
Not everyone is heterosexual and cisgender. Gender identity is the way a person feels about his gender and his body and the ways of behaving that, according to his perception, are related to that body. In other words, gender identity describes the relationship you have with your body, and more specifically the parts of the body, traditionally used to define a male or female body – as well as how you feel about roles generally assigned to men and women.
For example, some people define themselves as cisgender, which means that they identify with the gender that was assigned to them at birth. Other people, who define themselves as transgender, do not identify with the sex assigned to them at birth.
Transgender / Trans: term used by people who identify with a different gender from that which was assigned to them at birth. People whose gender identity is outside the binary categories (the notion that there are only two genera, male and female) will sometimes identify themselves as “trans“. Since the word “trans” is used to describe gender identity, a person must identify with the term (believe it’s the best way to describe himself) to be applicable. Only the person can decide if she considers herself trans or not. Other terms to describe gender identity may be preferred by some people: “queer-like”, “fluid-like”, or “androgynous”.
What is sexual orientation?
Sexual orientation describes how a person feels about people of a particular gender (or more than one), both physically and emotionally.
For example, heterosexuality is a sexual orientation and heterosexual individuals are physically and emotionally attracted to people of the opposite sex. Homosexuality is another sexual orientation, and homosexual individuals are physically and emotionally attracted to people of the same sex.
Lesbian: a female identity person who is physically and emotionally attracted to other girls.
Gay: male identity person who is physically and emotionally attracted to other boys. The word “gay” is also used as a broad term to describe people attracted to a person of the same gender.
Bisexual / Bi: Person physically and emotionally attracted to people of more than one gender and who defines themselves as being bisexual (bi).
Asexual: A person who does not feel sexual or physical attraction to other people, but who may feel romantic or emotional attraction with some of them.
Pansexual: A person who experiences sexual, romantic, physical, emotional and / or spiritual attraction to people of all gender identities / expressions.